Pregnancy is a special time when the body changes enormously and it also affects the skin. In fact, at the beginning and at the end of pregnancy, it does not have the same needs and can react differently to external influences. Should you adjust your facial care routine when you’re pregnant? Which assets should be avoided during these 9 months? we have dr Nina Roos, dermatologist, and Isabelle Pacchioni, co-founder of the Puressentiel Laboratory interviewed.
We increase fluid intake
Acne breakouts and blemishes…”Progesterone and poor digestion unbalance the skin, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy“, says Dr. Nina Roos, dermatologist. “And when you’re tired, the complexion often looks paler.” The right reflex? “Don’t sacrifice hydration by favoring light, non-comedogenic gel formulas.” Better yet, if they are enriched with Hyaluronic Acid, Glycerin and Aloe Vera, natural and risk-free active ingredients known for their moisturizing effect. Tendency to slight blushing? “We will also bet on soothing active ingredients such as panthenol, since the hypervascularized skin is more reactive during this period .
But those who are not particularly sensitive can regain their radiance thanks to gentle, low-acid exfoliating lotions once or twice a week. “Except, of course, in the summer, when the risk of spots is greater.” From time to time, a vitamin C regimen will help even out and brighten skin’s texture and eliminate bacteria that cause acne.
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We put on a good sunscreen
It is recommended to protect your skin from the sun every day to avoid the appearance of a pregnancy mask (or melasma), which after application is almost impossible to reduce. In winter, an SPF of 25 might be enough, but on sunny days we use SPF 50+. The dermatologist’s advice: “Several times a day, apply a sunscreen capable of filtering UVA, UVB and visible light at the origin of hyperpigmentation.” But which formula to choose? “To limit the risk of reactions, the mineral filters act like a mirror of radiation, remaining on the surface while the chemical filters penetrate inside.”
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Cosmetic active ingredients to avoid during pregnancy
Certain drugs and treatments should be avoided during the 9th month of pregnancy and then while breastfeeding. “As a precaution, all essential oils are not recommended for pregnant women unless prescribed by a doctor, because everything depends on the dosage, the duration of use and the maturation of the fetus,” admits Isabelle Pacchioni, co-founder of the Puressentiel laboratory . “Applied to the skin or ingested, they can enter the bloodstream and reach the baby. However, some of them may have neurological effects (camphor, super lavandin, rosemary with camphor eucalyptus radiata or globular, ravintsara, peppermint…) , while others like Wintergreen can cause miscarriage.”
The use of retinol and its derivatives (or vitamin A) should also be banned. “Retinol and retinalide are common in anti-aging and anti-dark spot ranges. But even if you apply a small amount to a small area of skin, as long as its safety in pregnant women has not been proven. The precautionary principle applies‘ says Nina Roos. Especially since without a good SPF, this powerful ingredient can cause pimples and irritation on sensitive skin. Instead of this? You can opt for its natural and safe equivalent, bakuchiol from a plant, which is photostable, collagen-boosting and skin-friendly antioxidant.
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