What food for the baby from 0 to 3 months?

Breastfeed newborns with breast milk

As recalled by the World Health Organization and Unicef ​​on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes (source 1), “Breastfeeding is vital to the child’s nutrition, health and well-being throughout its life . It reduces costs for families, healthcare facilities and governments, protects children from infection and saves lives. Along with other mental health benefits, it stimulates the emotional bond between mother and baby. »

The health organization advocates exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of the baby’s life.

The first days of motherhood

As soon as the baby shows his nose, it is ideal Offer her the breast as soon as possible. “As soon as he lifts an eyelid, that’s a sign that we can feed him,” says Carole Hervé. We often hear that you have to wait until the baby is awake to breastfeed, but He is perfectly capable of nursing while sleepy !

Carole Hervé, Lactation Advisor “In the maternity ward, mothers are advised to breastfeed their baby as soon as they want to kiss them: this improves their lactation.”

the Breast milk is digested very quickly by the babyespecially the colostrum that is produced in the first days after birth: the mother should not hesitate Put the baby to your breast as often as possible !
The amount of milk that the infant drinks in the first two to three days of life is small: in the first 24 hours it absorbs around 25 to 56 ml of colostrum.

Then, an average of 72 hours after birth, the mother gets them increase in milk, which corresponds to the transition between colostrum and transitional milk. “The more regularly the mother puts the baby to her breast from birth, the faster this increase in milk occurs,” explains Carole Hervé. The milk will more plentiful and richer in lactose : The baby starts complaining much more often. The night before the milk comes in is called “ Java night », the baby asks to suckle almost continuously and it is important to comply with his request to limit the risk of engorgement.

leaving the maternity ward

Leaving the maternity ward, the baby begins to steadily gain weight. We can now talk about breastfeeding on demand. “The baby’s hunger signals that must be triggers for breastfeeding are: the baby licks his lips, he runs his hands over his mouth, when an adult takes him in his arms, he tries to close her arm suck or touch your nose,” describes the lactation consultant. Contrary to what we often hear: we must not wait for the baby to vocalize. The baby’s crying are a sign that hunger is already too established “We do not create a bad habit by feeding the baby as soon as it shows the need: on the contrary, the more he suckles and the better he sucks, the more milk the mother produces and faster they will distribute the feedings naturally,” emphasizes the lactation consultant.

Breastfeeding the baby at the breast: How long to breastfeed?

Each child has their own needs, with calorie needs being higher or lower depending on their metabolism. Also, they don’t all have the same suction power and while some take a little time to get the milk they need, others need to suck longer without having to worry about it.

A breastfeed can last anywhere from 12 to 67 minutes and it is appreciated the average duration of a feeding at about 29 minutes. “What is certain is that the effectiveness of breastfeeding is not measured by its duration,” emphasizes the lactation consultant.

Should two breasts be given per breastfeed or just one? A question that divides, but cannot be answered in general. “Some babies only suck on one breast, others always on two, others on one or two: there are no rules,” assures Carole Herve.

How many feedings per day?

From the time breastfeeding is established and has assumed a regular rhythm, meals are usually fed 2 to 3 hours apart with an average of 8 to 12 meals per day. But there is no rule here either. Breast milk is very easy to digest and it takes barely 40 minutes for breast milk to be emptied from the stomach to be digested by the baby: It is therefore no problem to bring the feedings closer together when the baby is crying. “This is often the case at the end of the day, when breastfeeding is closer than in the morning, when the child generally drinks less,” explains the lactation consultant.

How Much Should a Baby Feed at the Breast Between 1 Month and 3 Months?

From the 15th day of life to the 6th month, the breastfed child drinks on average 800 ml breast milk every 24 hours. He does this naturally and instinctively and there is usually nothing to worry about as long as his growth trajectory is normal.

How do you know if he sucks enough?

In case of doubt, if the baby is not gaining enough weight, it can be checked whether he is drinking enough breast milk. “If a baby is breastfed, so we can’t quantify what it’s taking in, we can use stool and urine to check what it’s rejecting,” explains Carole Hervé. The contents of the diaper are therefore a good indicator of the amount of milk that he is sucking.

During the first month, the baby produces an average of 3 large stools – the size of an adult palm – and fills 6 thick layers of urine.

After this first month, some babies have irregular bowel movements and go several days – up to 10 and sometimes even longer – without a bowel movement. “You shouldn’t worry about this as long as: the baby looks healthy, has unrestricted access to the breast, is sucking well (gulps can be heard regularly), is gaining weight, is passing gas, and is producing a good 6 thick layers of urine a day,” emphasizes the lactation consultant.

Artificial feeding of the newborn

One in three women in France chooses to bottle-feed instead of breastfeeding, whether of their own free will, lack of desire or for medical reasons. Whatever the reason, it must be respected and accompanied in its actions. As we often hear it said “Better a bottle given with love than a breast given grudgingly”.

Milk in the first year of life: to meet the needs of the infant

In the first three months of life, the infant only needs milk. From birth to 5 months of age, bottle babies are offered infant food that is perfectly tailored to their needs: infant milk. “This milk for first ages is made to be as close as possible to breast milk, perfectly covering all the nutrients, vitamins and minerals essential for its proper development,” says Aurélia Bardot (source 2).
The toddler needs approx 350 calories per 24 hours while his 1is month of lifeand these needs increase to about 500 calories during the 2th and 3th Month.

How many bottles per day and how much milk for the newborn?

the amounts of milk what the newborn needs develops day by day during its 1st yearTime week of life. If it is possible to give milk quantities as a guide in these first few days, it is recommended to give the child bottle on requestas if he were being breastfed. “It’s important not to make him wait too long because when he’s hungry he risks drinking too quickly, which can cause digestive problems for him colic‘” emphasizes the nutritionist.
The number of meals is variable: some babies will be satisfied with 6 bottles a day, while others will need much more. It is important to adapt to him and respect his needs.

At D1 : we can offer it 6 bottles of 10ml milkor up to 10 bottles of 6 ml each,
J2 : 6 bottles of 20 ml eachor up to 10 of 12 ml,
J3 : 6 bottles of 30 ml eachor up to 10 of 18 ml,
J4 : 6 bottles of 40 ml eachor up to 10 of 24 ml,
J5 : 6 bottles of 50 ml eachor up to 10 of 30 ml,
J6 : 6 bottles of 60 ml eachor up to 10 of 36 ml,
J7 : 6 bottles of 70 ml eachor up to 10 of 42 ml.

Then, between the 8th day of life and the end of the 1st monththe baby drinks on average between 500 to 600ml Infant milk per day, always divided into 6 to 10 baby bottles 60 to 90 ml on average.

Under 2 and 3 months of lifethe baby drinks on average 700 to 800 ml infant milk per day. It can usually be increased to 5 bottles of 150 ml per day. However, some babies stick to 6 feedings a day.

Under 3 and 4 months of lifethe child needs on average 800 to 850 ml milk. If some stay with 5 bottles of 150 ml each, the others go with 4 of 180 ml.

How long between each bottle?

From 1 month of age, it is recommended to space meals at least 2 hours 30 minutes apart to give baby time to digest. “The baby’s crying doesn’t necessarily mean it’s hungry,” recalls Aurélia Bardot. Baby’s signs of hunger are many and varied: it sticks out its tongue, runs its hand over its mouth, waves its arms and legs, tries to suck when an adult takes it in its arms.

How is the bottle reconstituted?

The bottle must first be carefully washed and dried, and then handled with very clean hands. The vast majority of baby milk is made in powder form for reconstitution: a measuring spoon is then supplied with the box to be filled and leveled before being diluted in 30ml of water. “It is important to use the shovel in the box and no other: Each milk carton has a scoop adapted to its recipe‘” emphasizes the nutritionist.

We recommend using low mineral content bottled water that is open less than 24 hours for young children.
“You can occasionally use tap water, but let it run for a few seconds and don’t use filtered or softened water,” recommends Aurélia Bardot.

The bottle may be reconstituted with water at room temperature – or slightly warmed in a bottle warmer or water bath – and should be used within one hour of preparation. It is therefore forbidden to keep the end of a bottle from one feeding to the next!

In case of intolerance: which milk to give the baby?

If suspectedintolerance orallergyIt is be sure to refer to a professional. A pediatrician, allergist or nutritionist can identify lactose intolerance or an allergy to cow’s milk proteins and advise accordingly. “Whatever happens, be sure to always choose milk adapted to the child and not Never offer him a lambda plant milk‘ warns Aurélia Bardot. Regularly, infants die of malnutrition or dehydration because they have been fed milk that is not adapted to their needs.

Luckily there is infant milk with rice or soy proteins for intolerant or allergic children.

Leave a Comment