A week before the first round of the presidential elections, every morning franceinfo helps you to see more clearly the programs of the candidates for the presidential elections. You can find the five selected topics in detail on the franceinfo news podcast Le Quart d’Heure, online on the Radio France application and on all platforms.
On the home stretch before the first round of the presidential elections, which will take place on April 10th, we are interested in one of the big issues of this campaign: education. franceinfo takes stock of the various proposals made by the candidates in terms of training.
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After two years of Covid-19-related health crisis, with cascading replacements and unsafe protocols, teachers feel they too have been on the front lines. They were obviously heard by almost all candidates. “If we look at things and say it bluntly, our teachers are not paid well”explains Emmanuel Macron. “Actually, we need a wage increase of 33% today”says Raphaël Giromini, member of the National Education Commission of the NPA. “During that five-year tenure, especially during this pandemic, the school and the educational community have often been mistreated.”She laments environmental candidate Yannick Jadot.
Many are therefore proposing a salary increase, including a 15% increase for Marine Le Pen, a 20% increase for Yannick Jadot and up to 33% for Philippe Poutou. The goal for these candidates is for French teachers to be paid the same as their counterparts in other developed countries. Emmanuel Macron and Valérie Pécresse also agree to an increase in the number of teachers, provided they take on additional tasks.
The educational suggestions don’t stop at the salary. Reading the programs there are two major opposing visions of education. The right and the extreme right represent the concept of excellence. To do this, we must first give the basics more space. Valérie Pécresse, Éric Zemmour and Marine Le Pen want to increase the number of French, math and history lessons. In her opinion, it is also necessary to check students’ knowledge more often. A college certificate could be mandatory if Valérie Pécresse or Éric Zemmour wins the election.
Éric Zemmour and Marine Le Pen are also in the pipeline the abolition of family allowances for the families of students who are absent or disrupt classes. The candidate for the Nazi Party Congress goes even further by obliging school principals to file charges against their students in certain cases.
On the left, Yannick Jadot and Anne Hidalgo tend to focus on new pedagogies. The socialist candidate even suggests organizing States-General on this issue from the start of her term. Candidates from the left also want to promote social diversity at school, with the idea that all students should have the same opportunities. These include free deliveries and the canteen for Jean-Luc Mélenchon, among others. Like Nathalie Arthaud, the rebellious candidate also advocates reducing the size of classes. A reform of the school map is defended in particular by Yannick Jadot and Anne Hidalgo.
Many candidates’ programs also mention returning to two major reforms of Emmanuel Macron’s five-year term. First, there is the 2018 baccalaureate reform carried out by Minister of Education Jean-Michel Blanquer. Many candidates criticize it and want to repeal it. Especially Fabien Roussel and Jean Lassalle.
The other major reform of Macron’s five-year tenure is Parcoursup, the post-baccalaureate selection system. On the left, all candidates want to delete it.“It’s a particularly inhumane system”appreciate the socialist candidate Anne Hidalgo. “I will repeal parcoursup and the government will repeal this disgrace”announces Jean-Luc Mélenchon. On the right, candidates are more likely to propose reform, like Nicolas Dupont-Aignan.
For Emmanuel Macron, who defends the Parcoursup platform, going back to the old system is out of the question. However, the candidate undertakes to offer more orientation lessons from the 5th grade.