See: How does your baby see?

Vision of the baby: development in stages

At birththe baby has one visual acuityweak and is particularly sensitive to strong light. “The newborn looks gross, the Pre confirms. Claude Speeg treasure. Its sharpness is d’1/20e That’s the big letter in an eye exam. His visual system is quiet immature and its eyesight develops in the early years of its life until it attains a visual acuity equivalent to that of an adult at about the age of about 4 to 5 years “. When the newborn perceives objects near him – or your face when you hold him in your arms! – his vision is still extremely blurry, imprecise and does not distinguish colors yet. “Right now he just sees Black and whiteShe completes the ophthalmologist. His ability to see detail then improves over the months.

What does a one month old baby see?

Even if he only sees a foot away as the weeks go by, the infant’s vision improves. Hand-eye coordination begins to develop and soon the child will be able to visually follow moving objects and try to reach them.

At what age does baby recognize colors?

If the newborn sees life in black and white at birth, over time and as their visual system matures, they will begin to perceive color. So there three months oldthis distinguishes primary colors like red or greenthen to the sixth month, blue and yellow. Color understanding is progressive and from 18 months, baby sees life in technicolor…although he still has trouble distinguishing the faint tones!

The development of binocular vision …

Your sleazy baby ? Do not panic, before the age of three months it is normal for the child to have difficulties coordinate both eyes. “The visual maturation is not yet complete, confirms the Pre. Claude Speeg treasure. A lack of coordination between the two eyes is therefore common in the first few weeks of a baby’s life. On the other hand, any strabismus lasting longer than three months must lead to a consultation.”

From the fourth month, the child finally manages to merge the images and binocular vision appears.

It is this binocular vision that allows him to see with relief, the specialist specifies.

… and field of view

At birth and in the first few weeks of life baby’s field of vision – that is, the part of space visible to the eye around the point fixed by it – is still very limited. “The visual field develops gradually,” explains the ophthalmologist. Limited at first, it will expand as visual maturation progresses and will resemble that of an adult at the end of the first year of life.” If you want your baby to follow you with their eyes, look at them and slowly move your face or hands.

When should you take your baby to an ophthalmologist?

As a rule, the first visit to the ophthalmologist takes place around the age of one year. “If there are no warning signs – squinting, nystagmus i.e. an involuntary oscillation of one or both eyes, tear, conjunctivitis – the first consultation takes place between the 9th and 12th month of life, confirms Pr. Claude Speeg-Schatz. At this age, it becomes easier to examine the baby.” Before starting the clinical examination, the ophthalmologist asks the parents about theirs family history (Myopia, squinting, etc.), the course of pregnancy, etc. Some eye diseases can actually be influenced by inheritance. If there is one or more cases of strabismus in the family, it is important to report this to the ophthalmologist. Likewise, premature babies are at a higher risk of developing eye problems than full-term babies. prematurity or one low birth weight must also be specified.

Ophthalmological examination

During the clinical exam, the ophthalmologist will put drops in the baby’s eye to dilate his pupil. This will then allow him to study them structures of the eye behind the lens and examine the retina. Rest assured, even if your child should feel a slight discomfort in the light after instilling the drops, the examination is completely painless.

Which children are at risk of developing vision problems?

Some children are more at risk than others of developing vision problems. This applies in particular to children:

  • born premature,
  • born of strabismus ex-parents Where from visually impaired.

These babies should be systematically examined by an ophthalmologist from the age of one year, barring any obvious abnormalities. In fact, it is possible to prevent certain visual disorders by regularly monitoring the child.

When should you be concerned?

It’s important to see an eye doctor if your child:

  • presents a visual disinterest : ie he does not follow moving objects with his gaze,
  • suspicious : especially if this squinting persists after the age of three months,
  • east sensitive to light,
  • at Red eyes,
  • blinks often,
  • I know bangs regularly and have trouble finding your way
  • often complains of headaches
  • has one or both eyes swing involuntarily like a pendulum (nystagmus),
  • has an eye of pupil is white (leucoria),
  • has that eyes tear a lot.

With early treatment, visual disorders such as strabismus, short-sightedness, long-sightedness or astigmatism can be corrected.

Watch out for retinoblastoma

“Finally a squint that’s permanent in one eyerequires quick advice, the Pre warns. Claude Speeg treasure. You have to check whether it is one accommodative squinting which is reversible if taken care of quickly or by a retinoblastoma that is, a malignant tumor of the retina. This rare pathology, which affects infants and young children, can actually be a cause of persistent unilateral strabismus, which can indicate organic retinal damage.”

Detect strabismus early

Do you feel like your baby is squinting? This visual disturbance is common in the first three months of life.Of the child. On the other hand, if it lasts longer than four months, it is important to consult an ophthalmologist. In fact, the faster strabismus is treated, the better the chances of recovery and the lower the risk of seeing amblyopia appears.

During the appointment, the specialist will ask you questions:

  • about the type of installation of strabismus;
  • his seniority;
  • whether it is permanent or intermittent;
  • when he switches between the two eyes, etc.

What is squinting?

Strabismus is a loss of visual axis parallelism, which means that the two eyes are not looking in the same direction. According to the College of University Ophthalmologists of France (COUF), almost 4% of the population is affected. “The risk of squinting is that it leads to it amblyopia That is, a decrease in the visual acuity of one eye (non-fixative) and a loss of relief vision (binocular vision), explains the Pre. Claude Speeg treasure. In fact, the dominant eye will dominate vision and the eye that is no longer functioning will gradually lose its effectiveness. To remedy this, we will use or resort to a visual penalty Occlusion of the healthy eye with a mask to force the weak (lazy) eye to function properly”. It should be known that almost 50% of children suffering from squint go to treatment without treatment partial vision loss caused by amblyopia.

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