On April 10th and 24th, the French will be invited to the polls to elect their new President of the Republic. After a five-year tenure marked by Covid-19 and the Yellow Vests, the stakes in this election are high: exit from the health crisis, economic recovery, but also reflection on school learning… It is therefore not surprising to note that purchasing power (86%), education (84%) and health (78%) are the most important issues in the eyes of the mothers surveyed in our study conducted by IDM-Families a few months after this vote. “After two years of scoring school, I really expect to know what the children’s education candidates want to do! » commented Marion, mother of one child in kindergarten and another in CE2. “Around these issues, it is the issues that arise in daily family life that are considered to be paramount. Feeding, caring, educating are all frontline functions that mothers most often assume. Inequalities in the distribution of housework and childcare persist and women, and therefore mothers, perform all the tasks entrusted to the family more than fathers,” analyzes Anne Muxel, Research Director for Sociology and Science Policy at the CNRS, and author of works on dissemination political beliefs within the family and the couple.
Become a parent, a civic awareness?
The parents, who intend to vote with 82%, will therefore follow closely the candidates’ proposals in these different areas in order to make their decision. A quarter of the mothers have already decided. Indeed, the arrival of a child seems to be a trigger or accelerator for true citizenship. This is the case for Arnaud, who has been a young father for a few months and will be voting for the first time since having a child: “In every presidential election I have followed the proposals closely, but coming into Tom’s world I have Feeling like I’m even more aware of what’s at stake. I pay much more attention to the suggestions that are made in relation to the family: if you are a parent, it is crazy to see that our current policy makes it difficult for us to stay with our child for more than a few weeks or months ” , he confides. A point of view that does not surprise our specialist: “When you become a parent, the question of transmission arises. This is an opportunity to review and assess the values and ideas we inherited from our own parents, which in turn we wish to pass on to our children. Next to religion, politics is best passed on in families. »
Ecology, an essential issue but not a priority
Ecology is a central topic of our time and is the 5th place for 59% of mothers. Tatiana realizes that she doesn’t have the same idea about things at all anymore: “Motherhood has accelerated my ecological awareness. I know concretely who I will leave this planet to. That’s why I follow all the more closely the measures that are proposed to combat global warming or environmental pollution,” she explains. More specifically, the issues mothers are most worried about are waste accumulation, packaging, plastic (48%), global warming (45%) and food waste (42%). Among societal issues, mothers seem to be sensitive to bullying at school (63%) and violence against children (53%). In France, an estimated 700,000 students are harassed, half of them severely, ie 5 to 6% of all students. “We hear a lot about it through the media, influencers or certain words that are published and as parents we are inevitably concerned,” confirms Nadège, mother of an 8-year-old boy.
Macron’s five-year tenure will be seen by families
After five years of Macron’s presidency, many actions have been taken by the government. Among the measures introduced during the five-year tenure, the reduction or elimination of housing taxes (39%) is most noticeable for mothers, particularly for CSP households (42%). In addition, 21% of mothers are in favor of extending paternity leave, especially for children aged 0-2 years (29%).
Talk to your child about politics
For 56% of mothers, this election is an opportunity to discuss politics more often with their child; which 50% of them rarely did and 38% never did. Aurélie and her companion have therefore decided to take their daughter to the polling booth and explain to her in an age-appropriate way what the President is for. “Politics is where politics is most talked about in the family, and the family remains a melting pot of an individual’s political identity. The descent of ideological orientations dominates from generation to generation, fractures are in the minority. The family is a place of exchange and political learning. And mothers pass on their opinions more than fathers,” says the sociologist. So convincing today’s moms inspires tomorrow’s voters? Yes, but who? verdict on 24.
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