Featuring: Rebecca Chocron, Dietitian, Nutritionist
A little piece can’t hurt… But be careful if you’re pregnant: Sausage can endanger you for your health and that of the baby. It is therefore better to refrain from consumption in order not to get sick.
what is sausage
« The classic sausage is made of animal intestines, beef, pork… We stuff it with minced meat, which we salt, which we decorate with fruit, vegetables, cheese or alcohol. It is put into production and then offered for sale directly in stores. The raw sausage also consists of a mixture of meat and pork, but is dried and aged at a specific temperature between 12°C and 14°C for 4 to 10 weeks.” Details Rebecca Chocron, dietician, nutritionist, practicing in Marseille.
The dry sausagedried and aged for several weeks, it significantly reduces the presence of a disease found in raw meat and classic sausages: toxoplasmosis.
Why can’t a pregnant woman eat sausage?
If eating sausage while pregnant isn’t forbidden, then it is strongly discouraged from the nutritionist. A pregnant woman who tests positive for toxoplasmosis can eat raw meat, but this is not a diet suitable for pregnancy. On the other hand, a woman who is negative for toxoplasmosis will not be able to eat raw meat at all. She can still eat cooked meat like dry sausage.
This is possible during pregnancy with thrift Eat raw (only for toxoplasmosis-positive women) and cooked cold cuts, whether sausage, cooked ham or mortadella. However, stay alert as it may be the case risk of listeriosis.
What is cured meats?
Charcuterie consists of cooked or raw and cured pork products such as ham, sausage, black pudding, etc. Food preparations have several types of preservation: salting (sausage), smoking (certain hams or bacon pieces), drying (Bayonne ham or bresaola) and also curing (with brine, heavily salted water such as salt pork or pastrami). ” It is a set of food specialties obtained from the processing of meat. Basically we find this transformation based on pork, but we can also find it based on other types of meat such as wild boar, rabbit, poultry, turkey, chicken, duck ‘ explains Rebecca Chocron.
The risks associated with toxoplasmosis
The parasite Toxoplasma gondii causes an infection known as toxoplasmosis. This can be contractually agreed during contact with a cat carrying the parasite, undercooked meat or poorly washed fruit or raw vegetables. With a blood test we determine whether we are already infested with this parasite or not. Toxoplasmosis is usually asymptomatic.
If you are expecting a baby and get toxoplasmosis, his health could be in danger. The risks of contamination and lesions, which can be more or less serious, depend on the stage of pregnancy. In the first semester, the consequences are likely to be greater because the fetus is less resilient. Toxoplasmosis can cause birth defects in the fetus, often in the eyes and sometimes in the brain. In extremely rare cases, this can lead to this miscarriages.
The risks associated with listeriosis
Listeriosis is a serious foodborne infection. “ Listeria is a mild illness for women who are not pregnant, but for those expecting a baby, this bacterium can cause it premature birth,a miscarriage Where from newborn delay “Warns Rebecca Chocron. Listeriosis can be caught more than once. When contracted, it causes sepsis, or infection of the central nervous system.
In France, the disease is rare, even extremely rare. Public Health France identifies 300 to 400 cases of listeriosis every year, ie an annual incidence of 5 to 6 cases per million population.According to the Ministry of Solidarity and Health’s website, pregnant women, newborns, immunocompromised people and the elderly are most at risk of reporting this disease. Precautions must be taken to avoid contracting this infection.
How to store food to avoid listeriosis?
- Observe the expiration dates and storage conditions specified by the manufacturer on the packaging, especially the temperature.
- Store raw foods separately from cooked foods or foods to be eaten as is to avoid cross-contamination.
- Protect partially eaten food with plastic wrap, airtight containers, etc.
- Quickly chill food that needs to be refrigerated.
- Keep the fridge temperature between 0°C and +4°C.
- Do not store too much food in the refrigerator to avoid contamination.
- Store leftovers in the refrigerator for less than three days and never beyond the expiration date printed on the original product.
- Clean the refrigerator frequently, or whenever it becomes dirty, with soapy water, then rinse with slightly bleached water (avoid applying concentrated bleach directly to the walls).
Pay attention to your diet during pregnancy so that the baby is well formed! Always follow the recommendations of your doctor or midwife.