Pregnancy: Can I eat mussels while pregnant?

Featuring: Rebecca Chocron, Nutritionist

At the beginning of pregnancy, we often ask ourselves questions about our diet. Among the seafood, are we allowed to eat mussels? Fried mussels, marinated mussels… we can accommodate them with any sauce! But can a pregnant woman eat mussels? Decoding with a nutritionist.

Mussels, a popular seafood

The mussel is a seafood that has many qualities. ” The clam is a shell consisting of two black, oval-shaped shells ending in a point, protecting the main orange body of the clam. The peculiarity of the mussel is that it filters several liters of water per hour. This seafood is particularly sensitive to all kinds of contamination. Mussels live in swarms, in families, known as mussel beds. They are found in all seas and oceans ‘ explains Rebecca Chocron, nutritionist. Mussels are a foodvery fragilewhich can be stored in a refrigerated container 48 hours maximum.

Can you eat mussels when pregnant?

raw mussels

he is pregnant strongly discouraged Eating raw mussels is dangerous for the baby’s health. There is a risk of contracting listeriosis, salmonellosis, hepatitis A or even food poisoning. To avoid these risks, care must be taken to ensure that the mussels consumed are properly cooked.

The cooked mussels

Boiled mussels can be eaten wholes during pregnancy. Whether in a restaurant or at home, mussel dishes pose no risk as long as they are well cooked. There are many recipes in the oven or in a Dutch oven.

The health benefits of mussels

The shapes are rich in proteins (20g per 100g). It contains very little fat and carbohydrates (about 3 g). This seafood has a lot calcium, magnesium, do (very important during pregnancy), zinc and selenium (an essential trace element against free radicals). Mussels provide three times more iron than red meat. your content from vitamins B8, B12 and E, with anti-anaemic properties help keep skin and nerve cells in good condition.

The recipe for marinated mussels

To prepare marinière mussels you will need:

  • 4 kg of mussels
  • 25 grams of butter
  • of parsley
  • salt
  • pepper
  • 2 shallots

Here are the different preparation steps to prepare a dish of marinière mussels:

  • STEP 1 : Chop the shallots.
  • 2. STEP: Thoroughly clean and wash the molds to remove any sand residue and adhering shells. Place in a large saucepan with 1 knob of butter and the chopped shallots.
  • STEP 3: The mussels will begin to open as they cook, leave on high heat for 5-10 minutes. Stir 2 or 3 times during cooking.
  • STEP 4: Once they are open, add salt (not too much as the mussels are already salty), pepper and parsley.
  • STEP 5: You can taste the mussels marinières with fresh fries.

What are the recommendations for continued consumption of mussels during pregnancy?

In order to continue eating fresh mussels during pregnancy, there is one thing to keep in mind: The cold chain « It is very important to respect the cold chain of purchase and transport: after purchase, we put them in an insulated bag that keeps them at a low temperature.”pass Rebecca Chocron.

What Other Seafood Can I Eat When Pregnant?

Seafood is very rich in vitamins, mineral salts and valuable fatty acids such as Omega-3 fatty acids. It is better not to exclude these molluscs from the diet of pregnant women: they can promote fetal growth and your own health.

Can you eat oysters when pregnant?

It’s formal not recommended from eat raw oysters. On the other hand, as with mussels, it is quite possible to eat boiled oysters. There are many baking recipes. you can be au gratin, poached Where from steam. Like clams, oysters are very high in protein and low in fat. They also contain omega-3, which prevents cardiovascular disease and reduces inflammatory conditions such as arthritis or asthma. The many vitamins they have are necessary for the proper functioning of the body.

Can you eat mussels when pregnant?

Mussels are too recommended during pregnancy, provided they are well cooked. They are very rich in iron and provide an important mineral for the baby. This seafood is also rich in protein, phosphorus and vitamin B12, which is very important for cell reproduction.

Can you eat shellfish when pregnant?

Case by case: shrimp, crab, langoustine and lobster

Shellfish are not forbidden during pregnancy provided they are well cooked. Rest assured you will not be in any danger. It is necessary to wait until the meat of the crustacean becomes opaque and pearly for the shrimp, the crab, the crayfish (served cold but well cooked) and the lobster.

What Diseases Can You Get From Eating Raw Mussels When Pregnant?

Eating raw seafood or shellfish can cause many diseases during pregnancy. Here are the main risks for the pregnant woman and her baby.

The risks associated with listeriosis

Listeriosis is a disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. This is rife in our environment and can contaminate food, even in the fridge, including dairy, cold cuts and seafood. The disease is considered serious in immunocompromised individuals and in pregnant women because the fetus can be contaminated. In fact, the bacterium colonizes the placenta and can enter the blood of the fetus.

An infection with listeriosis is expressed by a more or less severe increase in fever, sometimes several days after infection, with headaches and sometimes digestive disorders (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.). The disease can also cause neurological complications (meningitis, encephalitis). We’ll treat her with antibiotics. In pregnant women, if the disease was not detected during pregnancy, it can cause from miscarriages, early deliverieseven the death in the womb. In the days after birth, the baby can become a victim of neonatal meningitis and experience neurological consequences. Therefore, it is important to remain vigilant and avoid risky foods throughout pregnancy.

The risks associated with salmonellosis

Salmonellosis is caused by bacteria salmonella. it’s done contaminated food You get this bacterial infection. The disease usually manifests as acute gastroenteritis with symptoms such as fever, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain. The incubation period is short: 12 to 36 hours. Salmonellosis, often benign, can affect the entire population, but its risks are increased for pregnant, elderly, or immunocompromised women who can develop it a heavy form Illness, even deadly.

The risks associated with hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is an acute liver infection caused by Hepatitis A virus (HAV). Certain seafood such as clams, oysters, etc. can be contaminated with the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A is usually mild but is usually treated fairly quickly. However, hepatitis A can pose a risk during pregnancy miscarriage, premature birth Where from a growth retardation of the baby.

Risks related to pollution: heavy metals and endocrine disruptors

Seafood can be contaminated with heavy metals, including mercury and endocrine disruptors, due to marine pollution. While mussels are among the low-mercury species, they are better don’t consume it every dayso as not to risk contamination.

In summary, it is entirely possible to eat cooked seafood and shellfish once in a while during pregnancy. However, if you have any doubts about their freshness or cooking ability, avoid eating them.

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