It’s a suggestion that appears like a mantra in the manifestos of several presidential candidates: In order to solve both the uneasiness of young people and the orientation problems in higher education, it would suffice to abolish “Parcoursup”.
A suggestion that Sylvie Amici, President of the Association of Psychologists of National Education, sweeps away: “Parcoursup cannot be deleted. The problem we have today is demographic, Parcoursup is just a tool. But it is a tool that serves as an indicator of inequalities between young people.”
Delphine Riccio, a psychologist for National Education (psy-EN), in a small town near Tours, also pointed out inequalities: “The psy-EN don’t believe much in meritocracy because they see very well how From the 6th grade, some young people are more disadvantaged than others. These are the same people who, for lack of sufficient results, will not have access to the sector they want.”.
Fighting against this determinism is what psychologists at National Education are working on, who lack the time, resources and weapons: according to Sylvie Amici 20% of psy-EN positions do not find any applicants due to a lack of candidates – working in the liberal or private sector yields more.
The problem we have today is demographic, Parcoursup is just a tool. But it is a tool that serves as an indicator of inequalities between young people. (S. Amici, Association of National Educational Psychologists)
The job is demanding, emphasizes Delphine Riccio, who is split between her CIO and a college with 750 students on a part-time basis: “I’m not sure about that People can imagine what it’s like to help 750 young people create their future. Concretely, we have choices to make: we will spend more time with students who are struggling and want to move towards careers or education, and a little less time with those doing general or technological secondary education. There are also many emergencies and priorities, requests from Segpa, MDPH, administration, …”
Delphine Riccio knows this, as does Sylvie Amici, who works at the CIO in Aulnay-sous-Bois Many young college or high school students do not feel supported enough or expect us to find “turnkey” counseling solutions for them. “It creates a lot of frustration, Delphine Riccio admits, but we can’t decide why we’re done in 45 minutes! You have to take the time to talk, to discover, to explore, to know yourself and to understand the world that we live in to be able to position yourself there.”
The General Inspectorate works out ways for better orientation
If this period of support and listening is necessary in middle school and high school, it is just as necessary later in higher education, as Marie-Thérèse Gomis, CIO of the Sorbonne, explains: “We support students at the start of their studies who are aiming for a reorientation in L1, but we also have more and more of those who have successfully completed L2, L3 or even a master’s degree and come to us because they no longer find any meaning in the course they have chosen.”
I’m not sure People can imagine what it’s like to help 750 young people create their future. (D. Riccio, psy-EN in Tours)
And then they discover that passing the orientation doesn’t just mean passing the exams. “The young people we take in are always more stressed, anxious and in difficulty,” notes Sylvie Amici. It is difficult to choose your direction and your life project if you do not have confidence in the future.
The OECD again points to the persistent inequalities in the French education system
For this reason Delphine Riccio organizes thematic workshops in the university where she works, in addition to individual support. One of them, for 5th graders, is about happiness: “Together we ask ourselves what happiness is and how to cultivate it?” We talk a lot about students who are afraid of not being successful. There’s also a fear associated with the environmental slump that makes them want to put in the effort… They say to themselves, “What’s the point of the work, where is it going?‘”
For the EN psychiatrists interviewed The school as an institution could play a role in combating students’ fears if they gave themselves the means to do so. “Instead, year after year, we see uneasiness settling in among some young people, and we know that what we are doing is not enough,” notes Delphine Riccio. There are clearly not enough of us to do everything well. work still to be done.”
Recruit more psychologists from theAbolish public education instead of parcoursup? This is an original idea for presidential candidates.