Today, the mobility rate of full professors in National Education is around 1% and has never been so low. Rejected teachers are in the process of appealing, but are under no illusions because it will be very difficult to change the assignment.
Louise has been leaving her four-year-old daughter in tears every Monday morning since last September. It’s time for her to take the train to go to work 200 km from her home in Brittany. This French teacher has two other children, ages 8 and 10, and a spouse she doesn’t see during the week. She has had to settle near her school at the Nantes Academy and pays childcare costs for her three children, transport and housing costs.
“In traffic, it costs me between 150 and 200 euros a month”She explains, “Then I have to have shelter, food, warmth and above all my children looked after. And that’s really very expensive for me because I have three kids who are in elementary school. Every evening they do between one and one hour, half an hour and two hours of daycare. My spouse finds himself a single father with three children, he works, he has already adjusted his schedule a lot to my absence during the week, but he has insurmountable constraints on his side, which means that my children are cared for every day and for many hours.”
I don’t see my kids growing up, I feel like I’m living a double life. (…) We cannot accept what is not acceptable.
She quickly calculated:If I subtract all my expenses, I currently work for 600 euros per month. Does it justify the separation from his children for 600 euros a month? To not see her? To miss her childhood? Luckily there is technology that is there so we can call each other so we can see each other a bit thanks to video conferencing, but nothing can replace real presence. I don’t see my kids growing up, I feel like I’m leading a double life. Even though I love my job, it’s going to be a difficult decision because we can’t accept what isn’t acceptable.”
Lowest mobility rate
Louise became a teacher after professional retraining, a profession she chose out of passion: “When I passed the competition, I had enough points for Rennes academy. I couldn’t imagine that the situation would change in a few years.” His application for a transfer to Rennes Academy has just been rejected. “It is one of the most sought-after academies in metropolitan France”she notes, and especially in her discipline.
“This year, for example, I had Paris intramural rather than the Rennes Academy, which is still pretty crazy! Normally Paris intramural is a really inaccessible area know many of us are attractive. Rennes academy is a dream fading because it is also an academy where we are constantly downsizing.
Postcuts in the second course reduce the chances of a transfer. The rate of teacher mobility is declining and has never been so low. About 3,500 school teachers received satisfaction this year, they were more than 17,462 requests to make a request. Academies that were previously not very attractive are also becoming increasingly difficult to integrate. Clermont-Ferrand, for example, has needed a higher score for two years due to a lack of places.
“We need a lot more points. We’ve never had that in Clermont.”, says Anne-Sophie, who has not received the transfer that has been requested for two years. This English teacher is assigned to the Limoges Academy, more specifically Creuse, two and a half hours from her home. With two small children, two and four years old, she asked about availability and teaches at the university on a fixed-term contract. “Despite my double master’s degree and my CAPES, I work as a temporary worker for 1470 euros a month for 24 to 26 hours of tuition per week for students. I don’t know what I’m going to do in September 2022.”
family or job
Louise also wonders: “Next year I don’t know if I’ll still be a teacher because I don’t have to choose between my family and my career. I think my family is suffering too much this year, so I’m thinking about taking a vacancy. It’s sad but today I would choose any unskilled job in my area, I would earn more. It would be a lot less intellectually fulfilling for me than teaching, but at least I would see my kids.”
Some colleagues have settled where they teach, some have put their love lives on the line, finally separated and only see their children on weekends.
“It’s sad to come to this”she regrets “But it’s a question I’m asking myself very seriously. At my facility, a lot of us ask about the neighboring Rennes academy. A certain number of colleagues gave themselves up and eventually settled where they teach, but some have put their love lives on the line, they split up and only see their children on weekends, with dramatic consequences for the workforce.”
Coralie persevered, but at what cost? This school teacher in Orne spent eight years asking to be transferred to Calvados, where her husband works and where she is from. She just got it. “I cried for joy“, she said and laughed nervously, “To be honest I didn’t expect it at all, I thought it would be inaccessible as very few teachers have been able to return to this department over the past few years. I was told that all flood gates were closed. There are also many trainees in this department, there are many people to place“.
equality but not justice
When Coralie passed the school teachers’ competition in 2014, she asked for Calvados as first choice, second for Manche, third for Orne. Because of her ranking, she got her third choice, Orne. Her husband had just landed a permanent contract and had to stay no more than an hour away from his place of work in Calvados. The couple therefore decided to settle south of Caen and Coralie went back and forth.
For the first year, she drove 150 miles every day to get to her school. Gradually she tried to get closer, and despite this she is still walking 120 km a day this year. When she found out that her promotion application for the next school year had been accepted, “it was a relief”She says, “It’s so much easier and more comfortable to be a few miles from home, not having the burden of the road and telling yourself there’s still an hour to do, in the morning or after class.”
The teacher admits that the scoring system seems very objective: “Everyone has equal rights,” she judges, “but it’s not fair. For example, when I see certain requests from my single colleagues who don’t necessarily have a spouse reconciliation agreement, who aren’t married or in a PACS, but who have been living together for several years …They don’t earn as many points as a married person or a PACS person and in a way it’s unfair to them because they see married people pass by when their demands are just as valid.”