Haiti – Education: Celebration of 40 years of Bernard Reform

Haiti – Education: Celebration of 40 years of Bernard Reform
05/04/2022 10:34:58

Haiti - Education: Celebration of 40 years of Bernard Reform

On Monday, April 4, 2022, a double event took place at the Lycée National de Pétion-ville, the celebration of the 40th anniversary of the “Bernhard Reform” and the reception of 50 young teachers, who were joined at this celebration by the 500 new Teachers present were integrated into the educational system, for the various ranks of the renovated secondary school.

This was an opportunity for Nesmy Manigat, Minister of National Education, to stress the importance of the “Bernard Reform,” considered the alpha of all reforms implemented in the Haitian education system since the 1980s.

“Thanks to this reform, Creole passed the high school. We fight harder every day to make reforms a reality in the country. »

Recall that this reform, initiated by Minister Joseph Bernard in 1979, shaped the Haitian education system and had as its main objectives:

  • The founding of the elementary school. Primary school comprises three cycles totaling ten years (later reduced to 9 years), replacing traditional primary school and the first three years of secondary school. The three-year third cycle, with its two options (general education and vocational education) is intended to provide either entry into the labor market or continuation of schooling in a not yet redefined secondary education;
  • The introduction of new pedagogical methods based on the scientific method (observation, discovery, experimentation, practicing thinking, etc.) replacing the traditional learning methods based, among other things, on training and systematic memorization;
  • Automatic advancement within the lesson cycles;
  • Use of the students’ native language (Creole) as the language of instruction to ensure an environment conducive to communication and thus learning;
  • training and retraining programs to improve the teaching performance of teaching staff;
  • The development of didactic material and the free distribution of this material to students;
  • Strengthened administrative and educational oversight of schools, with the help of a panel of inspectors and educational advisers responsible for overseeing the implementation of the reform.

Minister Manigat took the opportunity to highlight the various ongoing and prospective actions related to the 12 actions -manigat-annonce-un-train-de-mesures.html which follow almost to the letter the “Bernhard Reform” aimed at has helped revitalize the sector with a view to quality education, accessible to all and taking into account new technologies.

In addition, Manigat was pleased to have recruited new young teachers, most of whom are preparing to offer their services, particularly at the general sector level of the refurbished secondary school, where they will teach: in Life and Earth, Sciences, Mathematics and Physics, Economics and social sciences, letters, languages ​​and art.

He also praised the qualifications of the latter, which include all graduates of Accelerated Initial Training (FIA), Fundamental School Training Center (CFEF), Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS), National School of Applied Geology (ENGA), National School of Arts (ENARTS) and the Faculty of Law and Economics (FDSE). Note that each of these new teachers will receive a digital tablet in April.

While the place of Creole in education has been strengthened, Minister Manigat did not fail to draw attention to the need to pay more attention to other international languages, such as English and Spanish, whose number of speakers is increasing year by year among young Haitians under 35 years, which make up almost 70% of the population.


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