Family allowances, tax deductions, help with childcare, measures for single parents… An overview of the most important offers for families by the presidential candidates.
· Family allowances
The right-wing candidates want to end the modulation of family allowances introduced by the left in 2015, which cuts payments for wealthy families. Eric Zemmour announces in his program that he wants to “return to universality”. Valérie Pécresse advocates the “restoration of family allowances for everyone without a means test”. Candidate LR, who wants to spend 4 billion more on the family, wants to create a tax exemption of 900 euros per year from the first child to adulthood and increase the tax exemption for families with two or three children by 15 percent.
On the other hand, Emmanuel Macron does not want to increase or cut back on family allowances, while at the beginning of the five-year term the majority had planned to expand the 2015 reform with a total abolition of family allowances for favored families.
After a referendum, Marine Le Pen stipulates that “all family policy benefits and bonuses are reserved exclusively for families of which at least one parent is French”. The subsequent savings would make it possible to upgrade the subsidies benefiting “nationals”.
Marine Le Pen wants to “introduce full tax participation from the second child, i.e. double tax deductions from which households can benefit at birth”. According to her, a middle-class household with two children would save 560 euros in taxes annually.
Valérie Pécresse instead intends to increase the tax credit ceiling for homework from €6,000 to €10,000 per year and €1,500 per child.
Eric Zemmour prefers to double the ceiling on the family quotient, which would rise from €1,592 to €3,000 – higher than in 2013 when it stood at €2,334 before it was seriously planned by the left.
Conversely, Jean-Luc Mélenchon wants to “replace the current unfair family tax quotient with a tax credit per child that all families could receive”. The family quotient only benefits taxable families.
In his programmatic brochure published ten days ago, Emmanuel Macron mentions only one family policy measure: the “guarantee of a barrier-free childcare solution for all parents of a child under the age of three”, which would enable them to better reconcile family and work – and therefore to work be able. This “guaranteed right to childcare” would be accompanied by compensation for parents “if there is no solution,” he explained in January, noting that the target of creating 30,000 places in crèches in 2017-2022 had not been met.
Receptions, yes, Jean-Luc Mélenchon promises a very large amount. He wants to “create a unified public service for early childhood care and open 500,000 places in crèches and adapted childcare facilities within five years. The measure is included in the “Gender Equality” section of the programme: the Insoumis want it to “fight against forced part-time work, which affects 80% of women” who are forced to keep their children.
Eric Zemmour is targeting 60,000 new jobs (like François Hollande in 2014) and Valérie Pécresse 30,000 (like Emmanuel Macron in 2017). Emmanuel Macron is not setting any goals for the time being.
· Single-parent families
Jean-Luc Mélenchon, who promises “a universal alimony guarantee through the expansion and systematization of the public alimony service”, also wants to partially tax these pensions and increase the staff of the family courts to shorten sentencing times.
The La France insoumise candidate also wants to “increase family allowances for single mothers”. In the amount of 116 euros, this aid is the safety net for the months in which maintenance is not paid. Emmanuel Macron has promised to increase it by 50% to €174 and Marine Le Pen to double it to €230, but only for French policyholders.
Emmanuel Macron could extend the childcare allowance for single parents until the child is 12 years old, compared to the current 6 years.
The “plus” of the candidates
Linking home ownership and the birth rate: That’s what Marine Le Pen is doing by offering an interest-free public loan of up to €100,000 over ten years to lending (and French) couples whose average age is less than 30 years. “To support family projects, the remaining capital is converted into a donation when the third child is born,” she says.
Jean-Luc Mélenchon wants to include breastfeeding in working hours, create identical leave instead of maternity and paternity leave and reopen maternity wards.
Eric Zemmour is promoting “a full family ministry responsible for protecting homes and reviving the birth rate” and will pay a €10,000 birth bonus to families residing in rural areas for at least two years.