Equality between women and men: A problem in the national education system

The school should be protected from gender inequalities. At the same time, because his values ​​grow there. And also because women are in the majority there. But there is nothing. The woman’s place is linked to her hierarchical position. And their remuneration remains lower than that of men. Equality between women and men has yet to be anchored in national education.

An internal hierarchy based on gender

If there’s one ministry that has a lot of women, it’s National Education. If we only take teachers, we find 84% of women in primary education and 58% in secondary education. Overall, 71% of teachers are women. And this proportion continues to increase. In 2015, they represented 69% of teachers.

But when women are more than the majority, their weight is directly inversely proportional to their place in the hierarchy of national education boards. For example, 84% of school teachers are women, but only 65% ​​of qualified teachers. Among the aggregates, they are only the majority (53%). Only 38% of senior professorships will be women.

The same logic applies to the non-teaching staff. 95% of health workers are women, 84% of administrative workers and 79% of education workers. But we fall to 52% among executives, 51% among inspectors and 42% in senior management. Because the example comes from above. 42% of the dasen and deputy dasen are women, 40% of the principals and only 34% of the inspectors general.

Occupational inequalities…

You understood: the careers of men and women are not equal in national education. “If there are more males than females in the Hors class and the exception class, it is partly due to demographic differences (females are younger) but also to a different rate of progression. Irrespective of the physical aspect, men get into the Hors class faster from an average of 20 years of service,” says the ministry’s social report. “The gap between women and men is greatest among school teachers and physical education and physical education teachers is slightly faster for men than for women within the board of certified teachers.”

This has a major impact on the indices. “This difference in passing grades between men and women means that the gaps in the index widen after twenty years of service. Differences between the index of female teachers and that of male teachers are small, but tending to decrease Career In the corps of primary school teachers, the average male index is about 3% higher than that of female teachers with more than 20 years of service an average index of males , which is 2% higher than that of women, can reach 4% for PEPS,” the ministry’s social report tells us.

And salary

The index alone does not make the salary. There is also overtime, homework, class time. These are three areas where women are disadvantaged as society places more family responsibilities on them.

And that is reflected in the salary with an average difference of 14% at the expense of the teachers. “Regardless of the corps and sector, women are more likely to teach part-time/incomplete and are less advanced in their careers (TIB lower by 3% to 9% depending on the corps and sector). The amount and proportion of premiums are also lower for women. For public school teachers, the bonus difference between women and men is 27%, which is related to a relative over-representation of men on school boards and in larger institutions (with the administrative bonus partly related to the size of the institution) and on substitute missions. In secondary education, both in both the public and private sectors, women receive on average 21% (in the public sector) to % (in the private sector) of the bonuses less than men, particularly strong among associate professors and senior professors (28% in the public sector, 30% in the private sector ) Men, in particular, are more likely to work overtime Workers who, on average across all jobs, receive 33% (in the private sector) to 41% (in the public sector) more overtime pay than women. They also perform more income-generating functions,” the Bilan Social tells us.

We can quantify these wage inequalities. For example, women receive an average of EUR 2,310 net per month from teachers, while men have EUR 2,543. Among the certified and PLP women earn €2632 and men €2811. The difference is larger for senior professors and associate professors: €3,465 and €3,822 per month. These inequalities are found among managers. For managers, women earn an average of 4,099 euros and men 4,340 euros, for inspectors it is 4,274 euros and 4,402 euros.

A gendered culture

Even the disciplines are gender specific. The proportion of women varies greatly, even outside of vocational training, where the differences are greatest. Only 38% of philosophy teachers are women, 44% in mathematics and 43% in physics and chemistry. On the other hand, 83% of language teachers are women, 79% of literature teachers, 65% of SVT teachers and 69% of fine arts teachers. Gender inequality is rooted in the identity of teachers.

Francois Jarraud

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