Education report by Emmanuel Macron: “Can and must do better,” says political scientist Thomas Guénolé

Education. Youth – Sport – Culture. According to the political scientist, Emmanuel Macron’s balance sheet in terms of education, like the reform of the Abitur, is very contradictory. Even if the crisis obviously weighed.

At the political level, education remains a huge unfinished project. But at least Emmanuel Macron talks about this topic, which is often pushed into the background. Mainly to flatter his core election target.

Education, youth, sport and culture.

Education, youth, sport and culture.
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Education, youth, sport and culture

promise kept

Halve the number of CP and CE1 classes in priority education zones.
Leave the organization of extracurricular time to the municipalities.
Ban cell phones in schools and colleges.
Allocate an annual bonus of €3,000 to teachers in areas of focus.
Reintroduce guided learning after class.
Matura reform: More continuous examinations for the Matura.
Open the libraries in the evenings and on weekends.
Create health sports centers.
Culture pass for 18 year olds.
Offer refresher courses at the end of summer between CP and CM2.
Adjust the intermittent status of the show.

Partly kept promises

Educate 1 million young people and 1 million unemployed.
Create 100,000 places in short vocational training courses.
Transparency about the results and sales opportunities of the universities.
Develop training and dual study programs in all vocational high schools.
Access of sick and disabled people to sport.
Refresher courses for students in difficulty.

broken promises

Hire 4,000 to 5,000 new teachers.
Don’t assign junior teachers to priority areas.
Reform and transparency of the municipalities in the allocation of crèche places.
Create crèche places and strengthen care in kindergartens.
Generalize Erasmus and extend it to apprentices.
Strengthening the autonomy of universities.
Promotion of partnerships between secondary and higher education institutions.
Enable the emergence of a European Netflix.
Start an Erasmus program for cultural workers.

1. The crisis has damaged the school

It’s an observation: in five years, national education has deteriorated quite a bit, but Thomas Guénolé agrees: “it is mainly due to the pandemic and it must be recognized that Emmanuel Macron has nothing to do with it”.

That is, problems were not addressed: like that “our children’s schoolbags, overloaded to the point of absurdity; the completely insane schedules; the misuse of homework that prevents this privileged time between parents and children and increases school inequality”.

Other topic: “Teachers in France are paid half as much as their German counterparts, an issue that should be addressed.”

Finally, he considers this national formation “In his operation, he manages to grossly disgust the French with mathematics. It’s taught like torture.”. For Tomas Guénolé, in the balance sheet it is the mention “ can and must do better!”.

2. A choice always by error

This is a negative point that persists under the mandate of the outgoing president, which Thomas Guénolé highlights: “National education is philosophically based on selection by failure in academic subjects where educational Everest would have to be completed twice by the big schools like Macron.”

So there would be an ascent and the moment when you can no longer climb “will determine where you stagnate in your education and, by domino effect, what job you will do”. Insisting academic courses are considered noble, and the vocational baccalaureate and professional divisions “Dirtier. It’s an inherent disdain of our education system. But if the pandemic has taught us anything, it’s that these courses are more useful than many academic courses.”.

3. Good and less good

Thomas Guénolé sees the baccalaureate reform as contrary. On the bright side : “Give the high school student free choice with majors and other minors, a system more adapted to future career choices.” But the weight of continuous control in the grade of high school “reinforces educational inequalities depending on the high school the student attends”.

In addition, the political scientist reminds of the efforts to catch up resources in the ZEPs (Priority Education Zones). “It is common sense to leave the organization of extracurricular time to the municipalities”.

He wished the President had made good on his promise to increase the number of crèche places: “This is a central feminist issue. From the moment women are overinvested in childcare, it impacts their careers and therefore their pay.”

4. Parcoursup, to be repeated

“Parcoursup is a bad answer to a good question.” The good question is that universities are overstretched in terms of capacity: “The answer is to introduce on-record selection. Sometimes discriminatory criteria that make it difficult to pursue any path other than the one started in high school.”. It would have been better for the political scientist to only strengthen the quantitative means of the universities in the first year in order to make a selection “very strict” for entry into the second year.

On the other hand, the end of the numerus clausus in medical studies finds a benevolent echo: “I don’t know who came up with the stupid idea of ​​saying that the number of doctors must be reduced in order to reduce health insurance spending. The fact is that he carries the problem of medical deserts in France.”

On the other hand, he is more critical of the autonomy of the universities: “It’s like saying:”Find some money.” However, it is questionable whether the patronage finances the university, which must remain a public service.”.

5. Education in the country

The issue of education in the campaign? “It’s better than usual, but it’s still horrifying. We talk more about this because Emmanuel Macron is using this issue to consolidate his constituency, as he did in 2017 by wanting to make the school map more flexible. Today he says teachers need to work more to earn more and his electoral goal is broadly consistent with that.”.

As a result, this pushes the other candidates to take a stand in order to stand out “Hidalgo, who wants to double teachers’ salaries, or Jadot, who wants to shorten the children’s school day and school holidays”. It’s not much, but that’s it…

Jean-Yves Bou, history and geography teacher at the Jean Vigo High School in Millau: “The Abitur reform increases inequalities”

Jean-Yves Bou paints a disappointing picture of Macron’s five-year tenure in education. The same idea of ​​wanting to reform the school for five years. “These reforms were carried out very rigorously and were not prepared,” he says.

The professor continues: ‘This change is unsuccessful in conception, so there were bound to be problems in implementation.’ According to him, Emmanuel Macron has strengthened the authoritarian side of National Education in many areas, notably by abolishing dialogue bodies that did not exist before.

At school, the differences are still big: “He wants to reduce inequalities and improve access for everyone, but it’s the opposite because the programs are too ambitious and difficult for the students.”

The desire to keep schools open during the pandemic is the most exciting point for him. Despite everything, he notes that when “some remedies have been implemented” they are not enough to overcome “this permanent lie”.

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