Do children born through assisted reproductive technologies become happier adults?

Numerous studies have looked at children and adolescents conceived using medically assisted reproductive technology (PMA). However, until now nobody had been interested in the quality of life of these young adults of today. Australian researchers recently tried to shed some light on this gray area.

Measuring the quality of life of adult test-tube babies

ART combines all of the following medical practices: in vitro conception, preservation of gametes, germ tissue and embryos, embryo transfer and artificial insemination. While these techniques first appeared in the late 1970s, they do exist no fewer than eight million test-tube babies in the world today.

Numerous studies have already dealt extensively with the topic of physical health and development of children and adolescents through assisted reproduction (ART) procedures. This research highlights higher risk of birth defects, low birth weight and preterm delivery, possibly synonymous with delayed neurodevelopment. The observations on the physical health of test-tube babies, on the other hand, are quite good. However, some concerns have been raised about her Cardiovascular and Metabolic Health.

However, science has very limited knowledge of adult quality of life. Researchers from Monash University (Australia) filled this gap with their study, published March 22, 2022 in the journal Human Fertility. According to the results, these were adult test-tube babies are no worse off than the othersBut on the contrary.

In vitro MAP
Photo credit: boggy22 / iStock

The study in question concerns 193 people from assisted reproduction techniques whose follow-up took place between the ages of 18 and 28. The control group consisted of 86 naturally born individuals who were followed up between the ages of 22 and 35 years. All participants are from the Australian province of Victoria. In both cases, the scientists followed protocols that were given the go-ahead by the WHO. It was the goal measure their quality of life for these adults considering the following four points: psychosocial, physical, social relationships and environment.

A plus in quality of life in adulthood

These researches have examines many functions. These include participants’ sexual orientation, mother’s age at birth, weight assessment, number of close friends, and family financial situation during puberty. Other points relate to the quality of the relationship with the parents and the frequency of their high-intensity physical activities. As a conclusion of their study, however, the researchers believe that people who benefit from assisted reproductive technologies have a bonus quality of life in adulthood. In addition, this would not be available no association with psychosocial factors. As a result, these people would feel less psychological stress. They also have a better financial situation, a better relationship with their parents, and a sense of correct body mass.

The researchers believe that the use of assisted reproduction techniques leads to a greater investment from parents. This leads in particular to a quite authoritarian upbringing which leads to high expectations of the child, but also to more presence and support. However, this parenting style is often associated with less willingness to take risks in life and a better psychosocial adjustment during puberty.

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