1:15 p.m., April 8, 2022
Two days before the first round of presidential elections and in a campaign overshadowed by the health and international situation, presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron is accelerating to defend his record and present his new program in which education should have a central place. “School of the Future” experimented in Marseille, return of sport and mathematics, autonomy of institutions, salary increase against a “pact”… The head of state lists his proposals. But his record has left its mark on national education. “For us it is a disaster in every respect”explains Michaël Marcilloux, Co-Secretary General of the CGT Educ’action.
“At the end of this five-year term, we have a weakened education system,” notes Catherine Nave-Bekhti, Secretary General of Sgen-CFDT. For the two MPs, mistrust between the teachers and their supervisory ministry grew during this term. And the attractiveness of their profession is still low. In March, in a poll conducted by Harris Interactive, nearly three-quarters of 25,000 elementary school teachers polled by the SNUipp-FSU union said they were “unsatisfied” their current professional situation and 23% “Not satisfied at all” their situation.
overdose of reforms
One of the destabilizing factors is the proliferation of reforms. Between parcoursup, the overhaul of general and vocational high schools, the new Matura or the Blanquer right for one “School of Trust”… “While the 2017 campaign team told us there was no school revolution, there were finally many reforms”, explains Catherine Nave-Bekhti. The flooding also had a negative impact on executives, who nonetheless supported some ideas. “The school has been destabilized by the spread of novelty, which has led to the professional burnout of the staff, says Bruno Bobkiewicz, Director and Secretary General of SNPDEN-UNSA. There was no support for the change, leading to a number of difficulties. » And to add, shows the delta in between “educational time” and “political time” : “It would have been interesting to provisionally. »
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For Catherine Nave-Bekhti, therefore, some of these reforms have not been sufficiently successful. “There were elements where the government and the minister wanted to take very tough action very quickly, very quickly, without foreseeing the consequences.”explains them using the example of university reform. “When the teachers had to help the 10th graders choose their specialties, they didn’t even know the existing ones and the programs weren’t written: we sent people to work blindly,” adds the Secretary General, who also regrets the abandonment of TPE for first-year students. Ditto for the reform of the vocational high school, where the funds have remained “mislead” and the work “insufficiently spun” between the Ministry of Labor and the national education system on apprenticeships.
In first degree, the duplication of classes in CP and CE1 in a priority education network was also an interesting idea on paper, but unions regret its use. “The positions to implement this have been filled elsewhere, resulting in other crowded classes in other schools, other difficulty levels…. At constant funds, this is a concern.”, comments Michaël Marcilloux. Other collateral damage: the end of the device “More teachers than classes”founded in 2012 and abandoned by the new majority.
In general, the requested additional funds were not provided, according to the co-secretary of the CGT Educ’action. “We have refused to create much-needed jobs, even more so after the pandemic, and teachers who are still among the lowest tier of the worst-paid teachers in Europe. » Another poor relative: orientation. “During this five-year term, as before under Sarkozy, we have a ministry that speaks but fails to think and implement the means for the teams to work on support and guidance.”adds Catherine Nave-Bekhti from Sgen-CFDT.
Pandemic and Jean-Michel Blanquer
The five-year term was obviously marked by Covid-19. The facilities were closed for more than two months: an earthquake for popular education. A pandemic known as a “revelator” and a “Booster” Difficulties already experienced for Catherine Nave-Bekhti. “Quite early in the five-year term we noticed a very severe gap between, on the one hand, a minister who had given assurances that he would not govern by circulars, and, at the same time, having a trust-based ministerial line of communication, a type of guidance very intimidating, even more so in the first Degree. During the first detention, we had the impression that the greatly strengthened chain of command had completely evaporated. »
The government has chosen to communicate with the general public before internal communication
Michael Marcilloux even mentions a “contempt”, in particular from Minister Jean-Michel Blanquer: “He used the term ‘absenteeism’ to refer to the absence of teachers who are themselves ill or have children to look after. And all that little music crystallized as the crisis unfolded. » The succession of protocols wore off until it culminated in January, when the minister announced the final instructions in an interview with the government Parisian published the day before the start of the school year, from his holiday resort in Ibiza. Pillar of the government of Emmanuel Macron, holder of the record for longevity in rue de Grenelle, the minister was divided among National Education staff.
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“We have experienced many different protocols with the feeling that we cannot really move forward in terms of anticipation and the time required for implementation. Shade Bruno Bobkiewicz. The government has chosen to communicate with the general public before internal communication. But besides that, we actually caused trouble for those who wanted to implement the protocols. We felt it was a lack of consideration. Although I don’t think that was really the intention.”
Announcements that worry you
In the middle of the presidential election campaign, the announcements made by candidate Macron are also causing concern. “The hiring of teachers by the heads of the institutions: that is not for ussays Bruno Bobkiewicz, SNPDEN-UNSA. Because apart from certain prominent positions, this can only contribute to the imbalances in the companies. »
We fear that the status of the teaching staff will go even further
Another unclear topic, the “a pact offered to all teachers, with new assignments and correspondingly increased salaries for those who accept them”registered in the program. “A split between the new and the old, who would accept a new pact that we don’t see the concrete outlines of, which would have an upgrade and the others don’t. When we talk about the missions, we get a list that corresponds to what is in the professional references of all teachers and that they do today without sufficient recognition, which we do not understand.explains Catherine Nave-Bekhti, who, however, notes interesting elements on autonomy but awaits the rest.
“Autonomy was already his guiding principle in 2017for his part, responded Michael Marcilloux of CGT Educ’action. We fear that the status of teaching staff will go further.” In the event of re-election, his union wants to mobilize ” right away “.