The expert: Dr. Catherine Salinier, Pediatrician
From the first weeks of life, the child begins to express himself. And the more months go by, the more intensive the exchange with your child becomes. This first chatter are very important, as they in a way “prepare” the child’s future language. The explanations of Dr. Catherine Salinier, Pediatrician.
What is Babies Babble? The definition
The chatter is spontaneous noises that the child emitsT “It is actually a way of communication, a language”, explains Dr. Salinians. Before the age of two monthsthe child makes noises called wails. “These are sounds related to his breathing, they are not emitted voluntarily.”
At what age does a baby start chirping? When are his first “areuh”? How can you stimulate babbling?
The concrete exchange with an infant begins at two months. At this age, the child can communicate through smiles and therefore begins with the first chirps, which form the “uh” sound and then the “areuh” sound. « At this age the child speaks alone in bed, for example, but he is waiting for an answer. When the parent responds, it encourages them. And if he gets impatient, you have to answer him by talking to him normally: it’s very important for the construction of its expression and its interactions », explains the pediatrician. Babbling is the first basic step that prepares for the language.
After the babble, the doubling of the syllables and the repetition
At about 5 months, the child cries in addition to babbling. “He repeats and also enjoys coughing because he discovers this feeling of air rushing down his throat.” says dr Salinians. From seven months, the child can double the syllables and enjoy repeating them «dad-dad» Where from ” Yes / Yes “.
Around the age of 1 he says “mommy” or “dad”
Around nine months, the child“Baragouine” : It’s an intonation jargon.“The adult must respond according to the emotions expressed by the child: anger, sadness… », recommends Dr. Salinians. Then it is around the age of about a year, sometimes even before that, that the first words come, which is often the case ” Father “ Where from ” Mummy “ will appear.
The child gradually acquires vocabulary. “By constant talking to the child, he will acquire these words. For example, if the child asks for his bottle, which is placed on the table, Instead of handing it to him without saying anything, the parent can say, “Ah, do you want your bottle? Well, here he is’», explains the pediatrician. In this way, the child associates the object with its name, the bottle. Then, up to 18 months, the child acquires small words like ” anew “, ” to take “, ” Women “, ” saw “, “visited”.
From the age of two, the child connects two words, for example: “dad goes”, “cake again”… Then come the more complete sentences, with subject/verb/supplement, from 3 years. In order to promote communication with your child as much as possible, you must lock all screens such as smartphones, televisions, tablets, etc. “The goal is not to block interactions,” emphasizes the specialist.
Babies’ language: what language do you speak to your child?
If the parents have two different mother tongues, each of the two parents can express themselves in their own language and the child or baby must reply to the parent in that mother tongue only. “How to achieve total bilingualism”, explains the specialist. “When both parents speak in their mother tongue, emotions and feelings can happen, which is less possible with a language other than their own. It would be much less natural The first words are simply asked, but without the associated emotion and musicality”, details dr Salinians.
Do pacifiers and thumbs inhibit language development?
According to experts, the pacifier and the thumb would represent an obstacle to language development, in particular because the child then cannot pronounce the sounds correctly and is therefore well understood by those around him. in question, udisabled articulation to pronounce the first words. When speaking with a pacifier in the mouth, the child puts his tongue in a low position, which does not allow him to articulate properly. It is therefore recommended to book the pacifier while sleeping. When the child is speaking, you can ask them to take their pacifier or thumb out of their mouth to tell them that they are not being understood well.
Should we talk to our child “baby”?
For the pediatrician “You can’t ban that, but it has to remain within the framework of intimate moments with the child, for example when you go to play with them, through a hug or during his bath ». Don’t fool the child by talking to him like this all the time, but don’t make a point of doing it when you’re close.
When to worry about a child who speaks little or not at all?
for dr saline, we don’t worry after two years if language development doesn’t happenwhen the child is well. Every child develops at their own pace, on the other hand we have to react when language is not used. ” From the age of three, if the child does not make small sentences, we must ask our doctor questions. We don’t worry about pronunciation at this age, but rather the richness of the vocabulary and the sentence structure ». Then an ENT must be consulted For a hearing test, possibly contact a speech therapist for appropriate care and take an interest in his psycho-emotional development in general.