A baby with two heads, three arms and two hearts…

THE ESSENTIAL

  • In India, a child was born with a deformity called bicephalous parapagus that likely endangered his survival
  • The survival of two-headed twins is an incredible chance, only 600 total cases would have been counted in 500 years and people with such deformities rarely survive to adolescence.

It was a miracle that happened on March 28th: ​​An Indian woman gave birth to two conjoined twins with two different heads, two hearts and three arms and a common torso, to the astonishment of the medical team and parents.

with Parapagus bicephalus, a malformation resulting from the physical fusion of two twins in the womb, it is extraordinary that these children survived birth.

One in a million births

They have been taken to a hospital in nearby Indore for monitoring and are doing well so far. “This type of case is rare and the condition of babies remains uncertain, especially in the first few days”remembered dr. Lahoti, one of the doctors in charge of the twins, and stated that no surgery was planned on the patient.

Around the world, twins who are born with two heads and share the same body affect about one in a million births.

two headed baby

The birth came after a 21-year-old woman gave birth to a baby with two heads and three arms, also in India, in 2019. According to local reports, they were told they were expecting conjoined twins around 35 weeks gestation. But after a caesarean, they welcomed a “baby with two heads.”

“It was a mixed feeling when the nurses gave me the baby”said the mother shortly afterwards, shocked. “All we wanted was a normal, healthy baby, but the Almighty wanted to punish us like that. I do not know why.” is quiet-she asked then, still under the influence of emotion. Finally, after digesting the news, they vowed to raise the baby the best they could.

A high-risk operation

According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, separating conjoined twins is a high-risk operation with a low success rate. Mortality rates for twins who experience a separation vary depending on the bond type and the shared organs.

There are no known survivors in twins whose ventricles are connected.

Although success rates have improved over the years, surgical separation remains rare. Since the 1950s, at least one twin has survived the separation in about 75% of cases.

After the separation, most twins require intensive rehabilitation due to the deformity and position of their spine. Their back muscles are constantly being challenged and they often have trouble leaning back and forth and sitting up straight.

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